Cheatsheet MediaWiki

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You can format your text by using wiki markup. This consists of normal characters like asterisks, apostrophes, or equal signs which have a special function in the wiki, sometimes depending on their position. For example, to format a word in italic, you include it in two pairs of apostrophes like ''this''.

Text formatting markup


<translate> Description</translate> <translate> You type</translate> <translate> You get</translate>
<translate> Character (inline) formatting – applies anywhere</translate>
<translate> Italic text</translate>
''<translate nowrap><!--T:8--> italic</translate>''

<translate> italic</translate>

<translate> Bold text</translate>
'''<translate nowrap><!--T:11--> bold</translate>'''

<translate> bold</translate>

<translate> Bold and italic</translate>
'''''<translate nowrap><!--T:14--> bold & italic</translate>'''''

<translate> bold & italic</translate> Modèle:Table-AnchorRow

<translate> Escape wiki markup</translate>
[[:Modèle:^(]]nowiki[[:Modèle:)^]]<translate nowrap> no [[wiki]] ''markup''</translate>[[:Modèle:^(]]/nowiki[[:Modèle:)^]]

<translate> no [[wiki]] ''markup''</translate>

<translate> Section formatting – only at the beginning of the line</translate>
<translate> Section Headings of different levels</translate>
<translate nowrap>
== Level 2 == <!--T:26-->

=== Level 3 === <!--T:27-->

==== Level 4 ==== <!--T:28-->

===== Level 5 ===== <!--T:29-->

====== Level 6 ====== <!--T:30-->



Level 2

Level 3

Level 4

Level 5
Level 6


<translate> Horizontal rule</translate>
<translate nowrap><!--T:41--> Text before</translate>
<translate nowrap><!--T:42--> Text after</translate>

<translate> Text before</translate>

<translate> Text after</translate>

<translate> Bullet list</translate>
<translate nowrap>
* Start each line
* with an [[Wikipedia:asterisk|asterisk]] (*).
** More asterisks give deeper
*** and deeper levels.
* Line breaks <br />don't break levels.
*** But jumping levels creates empty space.
Any other start ends the list.

* combine bullet list
** with definition 
::- definition
** creates empty space

* combine bullet list
** with definition 
*:- definition
** without empty spaces

*bullet list
:- definition
:* sublist that doesn't create empty
:* spaces after definition


  • Start each line
  • with an asterisk (*).
    • More asterisks give deeper
      • and deeper levels.
  • Line breaks
    don't break levels.
      • But jumping levels creates empty space.

Any other start ends the list.

  • combine bullet list
    • with definition
- definition
    • creates empty space
  • combine bullet list
    • with definition
    - definition
    • without empty spaces
  • bullet list
- definition
  • sublist that doesn't create empty
  • spaces after definition


<translate> Numbered list</translate>
<translate nowrap>
# Start each line
# with a [[Wikipedia:Number_sign|number sign]] (#).
## More number signs give deeper
### and deeper
### levels.
# Line breaks <br />don't break levels.
### But jumping levels creates empty space.
# Blank lines

# end the list and start another.
Any other start also
ends the list.

<tvar name=1><nowiki>#</nowiki></tvar> use "nowiki" tags to display a literal (#) at the beginning of a line without interpreting it as a numbered list.


  1. Start each line
  2. with a number sign (#).
    1. More number signs give deeper
      1. and deeper
      2. levels.
  3. Line breaks
    don't break levels.
      1. But jumping levels creates empty space.
  4. Blank lines
  1. end the list and start another.

Any other start also ends the list.

<tvar name=1>#</tvar> use "nowiki" tags to display a literal (#) at the beginning of a line without interpreting it as a numbered list.</translate> Modèle:Table-AnchorRow

<translate> Definition list</translate>
<translate nowrap>
;item 1
: definition 1
;item 2
: definition 2-1
: definition 2-2



item 1
definition 1
item 2
definition 2-1
definition 2-2


<translate> Indent text</translate>
<translate nowrap>
: Single indent
:: Double indent
::::: Multiple indent



Single indent
Double indent
Multiple indent


<translate> Mixture of different types of list</translate>
<translate nowrap>
# one
# two
#* two point one
#* two point two
# three
#; three item one
#: three def one
# four
#: four def one
#: this looks like a continuation
#: and is often used
#: instead <tvar name=1><br /></tvar> of <tvar name=2><nowiki><br /></nowiki></tvar>
# five
## five sub 1
### five sub 1 sub 1
## five sub 2



  1. one
  2. two
    • two point one
    • two point two
  3. three
    three item one
    three def one
  4. four
    four def one
    this looks like a continuation
    and is often used
    instead <tvar name=1>
    </tvar> of <tvar name=2><br /></tvar>
  5. five
    1. five sub 1
      1. five sub 1 sub 1
    2. five sub 2


<translate> Preformatted text</translate>
 <translate nowrap><!--T:65--> Start each line with a space.</translate>
 <translate nowrap><!--T:179--> Text is '''preformatted''' and</translate>
 <translate nowrap><!--T:180--> ''markups'' '''''can''''' be done.</translate>


<translate> Start each line with a space.</translate>
<translate> Text is preformatted and</translate>
<translate> markups can be done.</translate>
<translate> Preformatted text blocks</translate>
 <nowiki><translate nowrap><!--T:69-->
Start with a space in the first column,
(before the <tvar name=1><nowiki></tvar>).

Then your block format will be

This is good for copying in code blocks:

def function():
    """<translate nowrap><!--T:171--> documentation string</translate>"""

    if True:
        print True
        print False</nowiki>
<translate nowrap>
Start with a space in the first column,
(before the <nowiki>).

Then your block format will be

This is good for copying in code blocks:

def function():
    """<translate nowrap> documentation string</translate>"""

    if True:
        print True
        print False

Modèle:Anchor <translate>


</translate> Modèle:Anchor <translate> MediaWiki ignores single line breaks. To start a new paragraph, leave an empty line. You can force a line break within a paragraph with the HTML tag <tvar name=1>Modèle:Tag</tvar>.

HTML tags

</translate> Modèle:Anchor <translate> Some HTML tags are allowed in MediaWiki, for example <tvar name=1>Modèle:Tag</tvar>, [[w:Div and span|<tvar name=2>Modèle:Tag</tvar>, and <tvar name=3>Modèle:Tag</tvar>]]. These apply anywhere you insert them. </translate>

<translate> Description</translate> <translate> You type</translate> <translate> You get</translate>


<translate> Inserted
(Displays as underline in most browsers)</translate>
<ins><translate nowrap><!--T:86--> Inserted</translate></ins>

<translate nowrap><!--T:87--> or</translate>

<u><translate nowrap><!--T:88--> Underline</translate></u>

<translate> Inserted</translate>

<translate> or</translate>

<translate> Underline</translate> Modèle:Table-AnchorRow

<translate> Deleted
(Displays as strike-through in most browsers)</translate>
<s><translate nowrap><!--T:93--> Strike-through</translate></s>

<translate nowrap><!--T:94--> or</translate>

<del><translate nowrap><!--T:95--> Deleted</translate></del>

<translate> Strike-through</translate>

<translate> or</translate>

<translate> Deleted</translate> Modèle:Table-AnchorRow

<translate> Fixed width text</translate>
<code><translate nowrap><!--T:100--> Source code</translate></code>
<translate> Source code</translate>


<translate> Blockquotes</translate>
<translate nowrap><!--T:105--> Text before</translate>
<blockquote><translate nowrap><!--T:106--> Blockquote</translate></blockquote>
<translate nowrap><!--T:107--> Text after</translate>


<translate> Text before</translate>

<translate> Blockquote</translate>

<translate> Text after</translate> Modèle:Table-AnchorRow

<translate> Quotes</translate>
<q><translate nowrap><!--T:168--> This is a quotation</translate></q>


<translate> This is a quotation</translate>
<translate> Comment</translate>
<translate nowrap>
<!-- This is a comment -->
Comments are visible only 
in the edit zone.

<translate> Comments are visible only in the edit zone. </translate> Modèle:Table-AnchorRow

<translate> Completely preformatted text</translate>
<translate nowrap>
Text is '''preformatted''' and 
''markups'' '''''cannot''''' be done


<translate nowrap>
Text is '''preformatted''' and 
''markups'' '''''cannot''''' be done
<translate> Customized preformatted text</translate>
<pre style="color: red">
<translate nowrap>
Text is '''preformatted''' 
with a style and 
''markups'' '''''cannot''''' be done


<translate nowrap>
Text is '''preformatted''' 
with a style and 
''markups'' '''''cannot''''' be done

<translate> continued:</translate>

<translate> Description</translate> <translate> You type</translate> <translate> You get</translate>
<translate> Default preformatted text has a CSS attribute (white-space: pre-wrap;) to wrap the text according to available width</translate>
<translate nowrap><!--T:127--> This long sentence is used to demonstrate text wrapping. This additional sentence makes the text even longer. This additional sentence makes the text even longer.</translate>
<translate nowrap><!--T:128--> This long sentence is used to demonstrate text wrapping. This additional sentence makes the text even longer. This additional sentence makes the text even longer.</translate>
<translate> Customized preformatted text with disabled text wrapping</translate>
<pre style="white-space: pre;">
<translate nowrap><!--T:130--> This long sentence is used to demonstrate text wrapping. This additional sentence makes the text even longer. This additional sentence makes the text even longer.</translate>
<translate nowrap><!--T:131--> This long sentence is used to demonstrate text wrapping. This additional sentence makes the text even longer. This additional sentence makes the text even longer.</translate>


Inserting symbols

Symbols and other special characters not available on your keyboard can be inserted in a multitude of ways. Many Operating Systems and browsers allow you to insert special characters through a menu option or Operating System panel. Additionally, you can use the WikiEditor or VisualEditor to insert them into the edit screen.

As a last resort, you can use a special sequence of characters. Those sequences are called HTML entities. For example, the following sequence (entity) &rarr; when inserted will be shown as right arrow HTML symbol → and &mdash; when inserted will be shown as an em dash HTML symbol —. </translate>


<translate> HTML symbol entities</translate>
Á á Â â ´ Æ æ À à Α α & Å å Ã ã Ä ä Β β ¦ Ç ç ¸ ¢
Χ χ ˆ © ¤ ° Δ δ ÷ É é Ê ê È è Ε ε Η η
Ð ð Ë ë ƒ ½ ¼ ¾ Γ γ > Í í Î î ¡ Ì ì Ι ι
¿ Ï ï Κ κ Λ λ « < ¯ µ · Μ μ  
¬ Ñ ñ Ν ν Ó ó Ô ô Œ œ Ò ò Ω ω Ο ο ª º Ø ø Õ õ Ö
ö Φ φ Π π ϖ ± £ Ψ ψ " » ® Ρ ρ
Š š § ­ Σ σ ς ¹ ² ³ ß Τ τ Θ θ ϑ Þ þ ˜
× Ú ú Û û Ù ù ¨ ϒ Υ υ Ü ü Ξ ξ Ý ý ¥ ÿ Ÿ Ζ ζ
<translate> Description</translate> <translate> You type</translate> <translate> You get</translate>
<translate> Copyright symbol</translate> &copy;
<translate> Greek delta letter symbol</translate> &delta;
<translate> Euro currency symbol</translate> &euro;

<translate> See the list of all HTML entities on the Wikipedia article List of HTML entities. Additionally, MediaWiki supports two non-standard entity reference sequences: &רלמ; and &رلم; which are both considered equivalent to &rlm; which is a right-to-left mark. (Used when combining right to left languages with left to right languages in the same page.)

HTML tags and symbol entities displayed themselves (with and without interpreting them)


&amp;euro;  → &euro;
<span style="color: red; text-decoration: line-through;"><translate nowrap><!--T:143--> Typo to be corrected</translate></span>  → <translate> Typo to be corrected</translate>
&lt;span style="color: red; text-decoration: line-through;"><translate nowrap><!--T:156--> Typo to be corrected</translate></span>  → <span style="color: red; text-decoration: line-through;"><translate> Typo to be corrected</translate></span>


Nowiki for HTML

</translate> Modèle:Tag <translate> can prohibit (HTML) tags:</translate>

  • <<nowiki />pre>  → <pre>

<translate> But not & symbol escapes:</translate>

  • &<nowiki />amp;  → &

<translate> To print & symbol escapes as text, use "<tvar name=1>&amp;</tvar>" to replace the "&" character (eg. type "<tvar name=2>&amp;nbsp;</tvar>", which results in "<tvar name=3>&nbsp;</tvar>").

There are five types of hypertext links in MediaWiki:

  1. [[<tvar name=internal>#Internal links</tvar>|Internal links]] to other pages in the same wiki (commonly called "wikilinks")</translate>


  1. [[<tvar name=external>#External links</tvar>|External links]] to pages at other websites</translate>


  1. [[<tvar name=external2>#External links to internal pages</tvar>|External links to internal pages]] in the same wiki</translate>


  1. [[<tvar name=interwiki>#Interwiki links</tvar>|Interwiki links]] to other websites using special prefixes registered in advance</translate>


  1. [[<tvar name=interlang>#Interlanguage links</tvar>|Interlanguage links]] to other wikis registered as different language versions of the current wiki</translate>

<translate> Please note that this list does not include [[<tvar name=h-cat>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Categories</tvar>|category links]] and [[<tvar name=h-img>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Images</tvar>|file links]], which are used to place pages into categories and display images or other media files, respectively. </translate>


Internal links

</translate> <translate> To [[<tvar name=1>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Editing pages</tvar>|create]] a so-called internal link to a page on the same wiki (a "wikilink"), use double square brackets wiki markup, [[like this]].</translate> <translate> When you preview or save your changes, you will see a link that can be followed to the target page.</translate> <translate> If the page exists the link is displayed in blue (like the word "create" in the first sentence of this paragraph); if the page does not exist, the link appears red (so the [[like this]] link is actually rendered like this). Note that the colors could be different if the color scheme of the wiki has been changed from the default.</translate> <translate> Following such a "redlink" to a missing page (whether or not it is actually red) will usually enable the user to create the page.</translate>

<translate> To markup any arbitrary string of text (not necessarily a page title) as a link, use a "vertical bar" or "pipe" character, like this: [[Help:Categories|category links]] results in the link category links.

The first letter of the link target is usually not case-sensitive (unless the wiki is configured otherwise), meaning links can be capitalized or not (so How to contribute and how to contribute are equivalent). However, the case of every subsequent letter must match the target page exactly (so How to contribute and How To Contribute are not equivalent). Spaces in the page title may be represented as underscores (so How to contribute and How_to_contribute are again equivalent), but using underscores in links will make them visible in the page text (but this can be prevented by using a "pipe"). </translate>

<translate> If the page title you are linking to is that of the page you are editing, the result is not a hyperlink at all but simply bold text (for example, on this page the markup <tvar name=1>[[Cheatsheet MediaWiki]]</tvar> gives the result <tvar name=2>Cheatsheet MediaWiki</tvar>).</translate> <translate> If you're trying to create a wikilink to the current page, you probably want to link to a specific section or to an anchor within the page; see the examples below.</translate>

<translate> MediaWiki uses the <tvar name=1>Modèle:Ll</tvar> table to keep track of internal wikilinks. </translate>

<translate> Name</translate>/<translate> Description</translate> <translate> Syntax</translate> <translate> Result</translate>
<translate> Internal link</translate>
[[Main Page]]


[[Extension:DynamicPageList (Wikimedia)]]

Main Page


Extension:DynamicPageList (Wikimedia)

<translate> Piped link</translate>
[[Help:Editing pages|editing help]]

<translate> Links to a section/anchor within the target page.</translate>

[[Help:Editing pages#Preview|previewing]]

<translate> Piped link to an anchor on the same page</translate>

[[#See also|different text]]

<translate> See also [[<tvar name=meta>meta:Special:MyLanguage/Help:Piped link</tvar>|meta:Help:Piped link]].</translate>

editing help


different text

Pipe trick

[[User:John Doe|]]

[[Extension:DynamicPageList (Wikimedia)|]]

[[Extension:DynamicPageList (third-party)|]]

<translate> The transformation done by the pipe trick can result in the same text for different link targets, as seen in the DynamicPageList examples.</translate>


John Doe



<translate> Word-ending links</translate>





<translate> Follows so-called "linktrail rules" [[<tvar name=loc>Special:MyLanguage/Localisation</tvar>|localised]] per [[<tvar name=msgxx>Special:MyLanguage/MessagesXx.php</tvar>|each language]].</translate>






<translate> Avoiding word-ending links</translate>
[[Help]]<nowiki />ful advice

[[wikipedia:GNU General Public License|GPL]]<nowiki />v3

Helpful advice


<translate> Link to an anchor on the same page</translate>
[[#See also]]

<translate> Anchors are provided automatically on [[<tvar name=formatting>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Formatting</tvar>|section headings]] and to the [[<tvar name=1>#top</tvar>|top]] (<tvar name=2>[[#top]]</tvar>) of the page.</translate>

#See also
<translate> Setting an anchor for incoming links</translate>
<div id="Unique anchor name 1">optional text</div>

<span id="Unique anchor name 2">optional text</span>

<translate> Rendered block-level and inline, respectively.</translate> <translate> Doing this would allow for [[#Unique anchor name 1]] on the same page or [[Cheatsheet MediaWiki#Unique anchor name 1]] on a different page.</translate> <translate> Omit the "optional text" for an invisible anchor.</translate>

<translate> Setting an anchor in a section heading </translate>

==<span id="Alternate Section Title"></span>Section heading==

<translate> Note the placement.</translate> <translate> This must be a "span" tag, not a "div".</translate> <translate> (Such anchors allow sections to be retitled without breaking incoming links.)</translate>

<div id="<translate nowrap> Unique anchor name 1</translate>"><translate> optional text</translate>

<span id="<translate nowrap> Unique anchor name 2</translate>"><translate> optional text</translate>

Section heading
<translate> Link to an anchor at another page</translate>
[[Help:Images#Supported media types for images]]
Help:Images#Supported media types for images
<translate> Link to the current page's talk page</translate>

<translate> See also [[<tvar name=page-names>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Magic_words#Page_names</tvar>|Help:Magic words#Page names]]</translate>

Modèle:Anchor<translate> Link to a subpage</translate>

<translate> Shortcut for <tvar name=1>[[Help:Links/example|/example]]</tvar>.</translate> <translate> See also <tvar name=1>Modèle:Ll</tvar>.</translate>

<translate> Link to a subpage without the leading slash</translate>

<translate> Shortcut for <tvar name=1>[[Help:Links/example|example]]</tvar>.</translate>

<translate> Link to a subpage of parent page for current page.</translate> <translate> Can only be used on subpages.</translate>

<translate> Shortcut for <tvar name=1>[[Help:Links/example2|example2]]</tvar> if you post the link on <tvar name=2>[[Help:Links/example|example]]</tvar> page.</translate>

<translate> Visible link to a category page</translate>

<translate> Without the leading colon the link would not be visible and the page would instead be placed into the category; this is a very common mistake.</translate> <translate> See also <tvar name=1>Modèle:Ll</tvar>.</translate>

<translate> Visible link to an image or media file</translate>


file label


file label

<translate> Link to a page specific to each reader (user page, etc.)</translate>






<translate> Internal link to a specific revision</translate>

<translate> Revision numbers can be found in each page's [[<tvar name=h-hist>Special:MyLanguage/Help:History</tvar>|edit history]].</translate> <translate> (It is very common to see links to specific revisions implemented as external links because it's easy to cut-and-paste an entire URL to form an external link.)</translate>

<translate> Internal link to a "diff"</translate>


<translate> The default (in the first example above) is to show the changes from the previous revision.</translate> <translate> See also the comments in the previous item.</translate>



<translate> Redirect</translate>
#REDIRECT [[Main Page]]

<translate> Should be the first and only line on the page.</translate> <translate> See <tvar name=1>Modèle:Ll</tvar>.</translate>

Fichier:Redirect arrow without text (cropped).svg Main Page


External links

To [[<tvar name=h-edit>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Editing pages</tvar>|create]] an external link, usually to a page at a different website, enclose the URL followed by space and the link text in single square brackets (see examples below). When you save or preview the page, you will see a link rendered slightly differently than an internal wikilink. It may be a different color and/or be followed by an arrow icon to show that it may lead to another site. </translate>

<translate> Description</translate> <translate> You type</translate> <translate> You get</translate>
<translate> External link with specified link text</translate>
[ MediaWiki]
<translate> Numbered external link</translate>

<translate> This is what happens if you omit the link text. Multiple links of this type on the same page are numbered sequentially.</translate>

<translate> Bare external link</translate>

<translate> URLs beginning with "<tvar name=1>http://</tvar>" and "<tvar name=2>https://</tvar>" are automatically linked, even when no brackets are used.</translate>
<translate> Avoiding auto-linked URLs</translate>
<translate> Protocol-relative external link</translate>
[// Wikipedia]

[// //]

<translate> The link will be <tvar name=code1>HTTP</tvar> or <tvar name=code2>HTTPS</tvar> depending on the protocol of the page currently being viewed (which could be different for different users).</translate> <translate> This is only supported inside of square brackets <tvar name=code3>[ ]</tvar>.</translate> <translate> Using "<tvar name=code4>//</tvar>" by itself does not result in a link.</translate>



<translate> External link to the current server</translate>
<translate> External link to other host passing the pagename</translate>{{PAGENAMEE}}

<translate> See also: [[<tvar name=encoded>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Magic_words#URL_encoded_page_names</tvar>|URL encoded page names]]</translate>, Modèle:Ll
<translate> Mailto link</translate>
[ email me]
email me
<translate> Mailto named with subject line and body</translate>
[ info]
<translate> Custom URI</translate>
[skype:echo123 call me]

<translate> Any URI you wish to add needs to be first declared through <tvar name=UrlProtocols>Modèle:Ll</tvar>.</translate> <translate> (This example is not enabled on</translate>

[skype:echo123 call me]


External links to internal pages

To add a link to a page on the same wiki using URL query parameters, you may need to use external link syntax. </translate>

<translate> Description</translate> <translate> You type</translate> <translate> You get</translate>
<translate> External link to the current page's edit page</translate>
[ Edit this page]

[{{fullurl:{{FULLPAGENAME}}|action=edit}} Edit this page]

<translate> See also [[<tvar name=url-data>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Magic_words#URL_data</tvar>|Help:Magic_words#URL_data]] and [[<tvar name=external>#External links</tvar>|External links]] above.</translate>

Edit this page

Edit this page

<translate> External link to the current page's edit page, and styled to look like an internal link</translate>
<span class="plainlinks">[ Edit this page]</span>

<translate> The plainlinks class can be used in cases where you want an external link to look like an internal one, by suppressing the icon that normally appears after it.</translate>

Edit this page


Interwiki links

</translate> <translate> Interwiki links are internal-style links to other websites (which do not have to be wikis, despite the name).</translate> <translate> For example, you can link to the article by typing [[wikipedia:Sunflower]] or, on this wiki, the shorter [[w:Sunflower]].</translate> <translate> Both will result in a link wikipedia:Sunflower.</translate> <translate> This works because by default MediaWiki configures wikipedia: as an "interwiki prefix" that turns into when used inside [[ ]].</translate> <translate> (It may not work if the admin of your wiki has changed the setting.) Unlike internal links, interwiki links do not use page existence detection, so an interwiki link will appear blue even if the page does not exist on the remote wiki.</translate>

<translate> Similar to internal page links, you can create piped links, with alternate link label, e.g. [[wikipedia:Sunflower|big yellow flower]] is the link big yellow flower and [[wikipedia:Sunflower|]] is the link Sunflower.

Basically, interwiki links are abbreviations for commonly-used longer external links. A very similar link could be created as [ big yellow flower].

More details are at <tvar name=2>Modèle:Ll</tvar> and m:Help:Interwiki linking. Your wiki may have a Special:Interwiki page listing the interwiki prefixes it supports; Modèle:Git file. You can edit the <tvar name=1>Modèle:Ll</tvar> table on your site.

Interlanguage links

If your wiki has other language versions, you may find [[<tvar name=mainill>Special:MyLanguage/Interlanguage_links</tvar>|interlanguage links]] in the [[<tvar name=sidebar>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Navigation#Sidebar</tvar>|sidebar]], just below [[<tvar name=toolbox>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Navigation#Toolbox</tvar>|toolbox]] in a section titled “<tvar name=1>Modèle:Int</tvar>.” </translate>

<translate> In wiki markup an interlanguage link looks very much like an interwiki link, but behaves similarly to a [[<tvar name=1>Special:MyLanguage/Categorylinks</tvar>|category link]] in that it is rendered in a special way.</translate> <translate> While category links appear in a special list at the bottom of the page (usually), interlanguage links appear in a special list in the [[<tvar name=1>Special:MyLanguage/sidebar</tvar>|sidebar]] of the page (or elsewhere, depending on the wiki's configuration and the [[<tvar name=2>Special:MyLanguage/Manual:Skins</tvar>|skin]] used).</translate>

<translate> The purpose of interlanguage links is to link pages on the same topics in different languages.</translate> <translate> To create an interlanguage link, type {{<tvar name=1>tmpl|0=[[$1:$2]]</tvar>|language prefix|page name}} anywhere in the page (preferably at the bottom, like category links); the language prefix is the prefix specified at your wiki for the other language version (typically the ISO 639-1 language code).</translate> <translate> The interlanguage link is unilateral, it does not point back from that page in the other language.</translate> <translate> For that purpose, an equivalent back-link needs to be placed there as well.</translate> <translate> It does not work like the "Edit links" in the languages section of Wikipedia-language versions.</translate> <translate> But it can be used across all name spaces, including 'User:' to point to ones other profiles in other languages.</translate>

<translate> If you want to make the interlanguage link appear at a specific place in the content of the page rather than in the sidebar, add a colon before the language prefix:


When a link is both interwiki and interlanguage, the order is wikipedia:en:Sunflower.

For more information, see [[<tvar name=meta>m:Help:Interwiki linking#Interlanguage links</tvar>|m:Help:Interwiki linking#Interlanguage links]].


An internal wiki link is limited by maximum page title size.

See also


[[Category:Help{{#translation:}}|Links]] [[Category:Link{{#translation:}}|Links]]

<translate> This page explains the image syntax when editing the wiki.</translate> <translate> You or another user must usually [[<tvar name=1>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Managing files</tvar>|upload an image]] before you can use it on a page.</translate>

<translate> Images that are stored on a MediaWiki server are usually rendered by using the <tvar name=1>File:</tvar> namespace prefix (but the legacy <tvar name=2>Image:</tvar> namespace prefix is still supported as a synonym) as the target of a MediaWiki link.</translate> <translate> The alternate <tvar name=media>Media:</tvar> namespace prefix is also usable to reference the original media file content (for rendering or downloading it separately, out of any MediaWiki page).</translate>


Supported media types for images

The following file formats are supported by default: </translate>

  • .jpg <translate> or</translate> .jpeg - <translate> bitmap image compressed in the standard JPEG format (this lossy format is most suitable for photographs).</translate>
  • .png - <translate> bitmap image in the Portable Network Graphics format (specified by the W3 Consortium).</translate>
  • .gif - <translate> bitmap image in the legacy Graphics Interchange Format.</translate>

<translate> Other formats used on Wikimedia, and commonly enabled elsewhere (these may require extra set-up beyond what is enabled by default): </translate>

  • .svg - <translate> scalable image in the Scalable Vector Graphics format (specified by the W3 Consortium).</translate> <translate> See [[<tvar name=1>Special:MyLanguage/Manual:Image Administration#SVG</tvar>|Manual:Image Administration#SVG]].</translate>
  • .tiff - <translate> Tagged image format.</translate> <translate> Often used for high-resolution archival photographs.</translate> <translate> Often used with <tvar name=1>Modèle:Ll</tvar>.</translate>
  • .ogg, .oga, .ogv - <translate> Ogg multimedia (audio or video).</translate> <translate> Not an image format, but treated similarly.</translate> <translate> Often used with <tvar name=1>Modèle:Ll</tvar></translate>
  • .pdf - <translate> multipaged documents in the Portable Document Format (initially specified by Adobe).</translate> <translate> Often used in conjunction with <tvar name=1>Modèle:Ll</tvar></translate>
  • .djvu - <translate> multipaged bitmap documents in the DejaVu format (most often, scans of books).</translate> <translate> See <tvar name=1>Modèle:Ll</tvar></translate>


  • Only a single page of a <tvar name=1>.pdf</tvar> or <tvar name=2>.djvu</tvar> file is shown at one time.

Other media types may be supported, but it may not be possible to display them inline.

Rendering a single image


The full syntax for displaying an image is: </translate>


<translate> where options can be empty or containing one or more of the following lower-case words, separated by pipes (|):

  • [[<tvar name=1>#Format</tvar>|Format]] option: border, and one of frameless, frame (or framed), or thumb (or thumbnail).</translate> Note: border can be used in combination with frameless but will be ignored if used with one of the other options.


  • Controls how the rendered image is formatted and embedded in the rest of the page.</translate>


  • [[<tvar name=1>#Size and frame</tvar>|Resizing]] option: one of</translate>


    • {width}px — Resizes the image to fit within the given maximum width in pixels, without restricting its height.</translate> (<translate> Only whole-number pixel values are supported.</translate> <translate> A space character between the width value and "px" is permitted.</translate>)


    • x{height}px — Resizes the image to fit within the given maximum height in pixels, without restricting its width.</translate> <translate> Only whole-number pixel values are supported.</translate> <translate> A space character between the height value and "px" is permitted.</translate>


    • {width}x{height}px — Resizes the image to fit within the given width and height in pixels.</translate> <translate> Only whole-number pixel values are supported.</translate> <translate> A space character between the width value and "px" is permitted.</translate>


    • upright — Resizes an image to fit within reasonable dimensions, according to user preferences (suitable for images whose height is larger than width).</translate> <translate> Setting <tvar name=1>|upright=1.0|</tvar> will display the image at the user's default image width.</translate> <translate> <tvar name=1>|upright=2.0|</tvar> will display the image at double the user's default width.</translate>


  • The image will always retain its aspect ratio.</translate>


  • Images in non-scalable media types can be reduced in size, but not increased; e.g., bitmap images cannot be scaled up.</translate>


  • The <tvar name=1>upright</tvar> setting does not require an equals sign, i.e. <tvar name=2>|upright 2.0|</tvar> works the same as |upright=2.0|.</translate>


  • When used without a value or an equals sign (e.g., <tvar name=1>|upright|</tvar>), defaults to <tvar name=2>|upright=0.75|</tvar> (although <tvar name=3>|upright=|</tvar> is the same as <tvar name=4>|upright=1.0|</tvar>)</translate>


  • The default maximum size depends on the format and the internal image dimensions (according to its media type).</translate>


  • [[<tvar name=1>#Horizontal alignment</tvar>|Horizontal alignment]] option: one of left, right, center, none.</translate> <translate> If multiple of these options are present, only the first one will be used</translate>


  • Controls the horizontal alignment (and inline/block or floating styles) of the image within a text (no default value).</translate>


  • [[<tvar name=1>#Vertical alignment</tvar>|Vertical alignment]] option: one of baseline, sub, super, top, text-top, middle, bottom, text-bottom</translate>


  • Controls the vertical alignment of a non-floating inline image with the text before or after the image, and in the same block (the default vertical alignment is middle).</translate>


  • [[<tvar name=1>#Altering the default link target</tvar>|Link]] option: one of</translate>


    • <tvar name=1>link</tvar>={target} — Allows to change the target (to an arbitrary page title, or URL) of the generated link, activable on the rendered image surface; e.g. <tvar name=code>[[File:Example.jpg|20px|link=]]</tvar> renders as <tvar name=code2>20px</tvar> (external link), or <tvar name=code3>[[File:Example.jpg|20px|link=MediaWiki]]</tvar> renders as <tvar name=code4>20px</tvar> (internal link).</translate>


    • <tvar name=2>link</tvar>= (with an empty value) — (<tvar name=1>MediaWiki 1.14+</tvar>) Displays an image without any activable link; e.g. <tvar name=code1>[[File:Example.jpg|20px|link=]]</tvar> renders as <tvar name=code2>20px</tvar>.</translate>


  • If there is a space character between <tvar name=1>link</tvar> and the equals sign, the link statement will be treated as a caption.</translate>


  • Including some HTML character equivalents, like <tvar name=1>%22</tvar> for <tvar name=2>"</tvar>, can cause the link statement to be treated as a caption (see <tvar name=3>phabricator:T306216</tvar>).


  • <translate> ! for MW 1.24 and lower: If you set |link=| (empty), then no title will be rendered. (See phabricator:T23454.)</translate>


  • Other specific options:</translate>


    • <tvar name=2>alt</tvar>={alternative text} — (<tvar name=1>MediaWiki 1.14+</tvar>) Defines the alternative text (maps to the HTML attribute alt="..." of the generated <tvar name=3>Modèle:Tag</tvar> element) of an image that will be rendered if either the referenced image cannot be downloaded and embedded, or if the support media must use the alternative description text (e.g. when using a Braille reader or with accessibility options set by the user in its browser).</translate>


  • If there is a space character between <tvar name=1>alt</tvar> and the equals sign, the alt statement will be treated as a caption.</translate>


    • <tvar name=1>page</tvar>={number} — Renders the specified page number (currently only applicable when showing a .djvu or .pdf file).</translate>


    • <tvar name=1>class</tvar>={html class} — (<tvar name=2>MediaWiki 1.20+</tvar>) Defines classes (maps to the HTML attribute <tvar name=3>class="..."</tvar> of the generated <tvar name=4>Modèle:Tag</tvar> element).</translate>


    • <tvar name=1>lang</tvar>={language code} — (<tvar name=2>MediaWiki 1.22+</tvar>) For SVG files containing <switch> statements varying on a systemLanguage attribute, selects what language to render the file in.</translate> <translate> The default is the page language (defaults to project default language on most projects).</translate>

<translate> If a parameter does not match any of the other possibilities, it is assumed to be the caption text.</translate> <translate> If more than one non-parameter string is present, the final non-parameter string will be used as the caption.</translate> <translate> Caption text shows below the image in thumb and frame formats, or as tooltip text in any other format.</translate> <translate> Caption text displayed in the thumb and frame formats may contain wiki links and other formatting.</translate> <translate> MediaWiki extensions can add additional options.</translate>

<translate> If 'alt' is not specified and a caption is provided, the alternative text will be created automatically from the caption, stripped of formatting, except when in thumb or frame mode since the caption is already readable by screen readers in that case. </translate>




The following table shows the effect of all available formats. </translate>

<translate> When the height of an image in thumbnail is bigger than its width (i.e. in portrait orientation rather than landscape) and you find it too large, you may try the option upright=N, where N is the image's aspect ratio (its width divided by its height, defaulting to 0.75).</translate> <translate> The alternative is to specify the desired maximum height (in pixels) explicitly.</translate>

<translate> Note that by writing thumb={filename}, you can use a different image for the thumbnail.

Size and frame

Among different formats, the effect of the size parameter may be different, as shown below.

  • For how it appears when its size is not specified, see [[<tvar name=1>#Format</tvar>|Format]] section above.</translate>


  • When the format is not specified, or only bordered, the size can be both reduced and enlarged to any specified size.</translate>


  • In the examples below, the original size of the image is 400×267 pixels.</translate>


  • An image with frame always ignores the size specification; the original image will be reduced if it exceeds the maximum size defined in user preferences, and the page information will display a Linter error.</translate>


  • The size of an image with thumb or frameless can be reduced, but cannot be enlarged beyond the original size of the image.


<translate> Format</translate> <translate> Reduced</translate> <translate> Enlarged</translate>

{{ Modèle:TNTN|frame=}} {{ Modèle:TNTN|frame=border}} {{ Modèle:TNTN|frame=frame}} {{ Modèle:TNTN|frame=thumb}} {{ Modèle:TNTN|frame=frameless}}


Horizontal alignment

Note that when using the frame or thumb[nail] formats, the default horizontal alignment will be right for left-to-right languages, and left for right-to-left languages. </translate>

<translate> Description</translate> <translate> You type</translate> <translate> You get</translate>

{{ Modèle:TNTN|2=100px|frame=|ex=<translate> no horizontal alignment specified, or default alignment</translate>|inline=yes|float=no}} {{ Modèle:TNTN|2=100px|frame=none|ex=<translate> specify horizontal alignment as: none</translate>|inline=no|float=no}} {{ Modèle:TNTN|2=100px|frame=center|ex=<translate> specify horizontal alignment as: center</translate>|inline=no|float=no}} {{ Modèle:TNTN|2=100px|frame=left|ex=<translate> specify horizontal alignment as: left</translate>|inline=no|float=yes}} {{ Modèle:TNTN|2=100px|frame=right|ex=<translate> specify horizontal alignment as: right</translate>|inline=no|float=yes}}


Vertical alignment

</translate> <translate> The vertical alignment options take effect only if the image is rendered as an inline element and is not floating.</translate> <translate> They alter the way the inlined image will be vertically aligned with the text present in the same block before and/or after this image on the same rendered row.</translate>

<translate> Note that the rendered line of text where inline images are inserted (and the lines of text rendered after the current one) may be moved down (this will increase the line-height conditionally by additional line spacing, just as it may occur with spans of text with variable font sizes, or with superscripts and subscripts) to allow the image height to be fully displayed with this alignment constraint. </translate>

<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
'''top:''' [[File:Example.jpg|20px|top]] [[File:Example.jpg|40px|top]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px|top]]
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
'''text-top:''' [[File:Example.jpg|20px|text-top]] [[File:Example.jpg|40px|text-top]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px|text-top]]
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
<sup>super:</sup> [[File:Example.jpg|20px|super]] [[File:Example.jpg|40px|super]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px|super]]
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
'''baseline:''' [[File:Example.jpg|20px|baseline]] [[File:Example.jpg|40px|baseline]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px|baseline]]
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
<sub>'''sub:'''</sub> [[File:Example.jpg|20px|sub]] [[File:Example.jpg|40px|sub]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px|sub]]
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
'''default:''' [[File:Example.jpg|20px]][[File:Example.jpg|40px]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px]]
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
'''middle:''' [[File:Example.jpg|20px|middle]] [[File:Example.jpg|40px|middle]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px|middle]]
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
'''text-bottom:''' [[File:Example.jpg|20px|text-bottom]] [[File:Example.jpg|40px|text-bottom]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px|text-bottom]]
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
'''bottom:'' [[File:Example.jpg|20px|bottom]] [[File:Example.jpg|40px|bottom]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px|bottom]]

<translate> To show the alignment result more clearly, the text spans are overlined and underlined, the font-size is increased to 200%, and the paragraph block is outlined with a thin border; additionally images of different sizes are aligned: </translate>

text top: 20px 40px 100px text

text text-top: 20px 40px 100px text

text super: 20px 40px 100px text

text baseline: 20px 40px 100px text

text sub: 20px 40px 100px text

text default: 20px 40px 100px text

text middle: 20px 40px 100px text

text text-bottom: 20px 40px 100px text

text bottom: 20px 40px 100px text

<translate> Notes:

  1. The "middle" vertical alignment position of the image (which is also the default) usually refers to the middle between the x-height and the baseline of the text (on which the vertical middle of the image will be aligned, and on which usually the text may be overstroke), but not to the middle of the line-height of the font-height that refers to the space between the "text-top" and "text-bottom" positions ; the font-height excludes:</translate>


    • the additional line separation spacing normally divided equally into two line-margins (here 0.5em, according to line-height set to 200%) above and below the font-height).</translate>


    • the additional line spacing which may be added by superscripts and subscripts.</translate>


  1. However, if the image height causes its top or bottom position to go above or below the normal full line-height of text, the middle position will be adjusted after the increasing the top and/or bottom line-margins so that the image can fit and align properly, and all images (including those with smaller heights) will be vertically centered on the adjusted middle position (for computing the effective line-height, the text of each rendered row with the larger font-height will be considered).</translate>


  1. The "text-top" and "text-bottom" alignment positions also excludes the extra line spacing added by superscripts and subscripts, but not the additional line-spacing defined by the line-height.</translate>


  1. The "top" and "bottom" alignment positions take into account all these extra line spacings (including superscripts and subscripts, if they are present in a rendered line span).</translate> <translate> When the image alignment constrains the image to grow above or below the normal line-spacing, and the image is not absolutely positioned, the image will cause the "top" and "bottom" positions to be adjusted (just like superscripts and subscripts), so the effective line-height between rendered lines of text will be higher.</translate>


  1. The "underline", "overline" and "overstrike" text-decoration positions should be somewhere within these two limits and may depend on the type and height of fonts used (the superscript and subscript styles may be taken into account in some browsers, but usually these styles are ignored and the position of these decorations may not be adjusted); so these decorations normally don't affect the vertical position of images, relatively to the text.

Stopping the text flow

</translate> <translate> On occasion it is desirable to stop text (or other inline non-floating images) from flowing around a floating image.</translate> <translate> Depending on the web browser's screen resolution and such, text flow on the right side of an image may cause a section header (for instance, == My Header ==) to appear to the right of the image, instead of below it, as a user may expect.</translate> <translate> The text flow can be stopped by placing <tvar name=code1><br clear=all></tvar> (or if you prefer, <tvar name=code2><div style="clear: both"></div></tvar>) before the text that should start below the floating image.</translate> <translate> (This may also be done without an empty line by wrapping the section with the floating images with <tvar name=code><div style="overflow: hidden"></div></tvar>, which clears all floats inside the div element.)</translate>

<translate> All images rendered as blocks (including non-floating centered images, left- or right-floating images, as well as framed or thumbnailed floating images) are implicitly breaking the surrounding lines of text (terminating the current block of text before the image, and creating a new paragraph for the text after them).</translate> <translate> They will then stack vertically along their left or right alignment margin (or along the center line between these margins for centered images).</translate>


Altering the default link target

</translate> <translate> The following table shows how to alter the link target (whose default is the image description page) or how to remove it.</translate> <translate> Changing the link does not alter the format described in the previous sections.</translate>

<translate> Warning</translate>:

<translate> The licencing requirements on your wiki may not allow you to remove all links to the description page that displays the required authors attributions, the copyrights statements, the applicable licencing terms, or a more complete description of the rendered image (including its history of modifications).</translate>
<translate> If you change or remove the target link of an image, you will then have to provide somewhere else on your page an explicit link to this description page, or to display the copyright and author statement and a link to the applicable licence, if they are different from the elements applicable to the embedding page itself.</translate>
<translate> Your wiki policy may restrict the use of the alternate link parameter, or may even enforce a prohibition of alternate link parameters for embedded media files (in which case, the link parameter will be ignored), or may only accept them after validation by authorized users or administrators.</translate>


Rendering a gallery of images

Gallery syntax

</translate> <translate> It's easy to make a gallery of thumbnails with the <tvar name=gallery>Modèle:Tag</tvar> tag.</translate> <translate> The syntax is:</translate>

File:file_name.ext|caption|alt=alt language
File:file_name.ext|caption|alt=alt language

<translate> Note that the image code is not enclosed in brackets when enclosed in gallery tags. </translate>

<translate> Captions are optional, and may contain wiki links or other formatting.</translate> Modèle:Note <translate> Some of the parameters controlling thumb output can also be used here, specifically the ones that modify the file (as opposed to ones that control where in the page the image falls).</translate> <translate> For example, with multi-paged media like pdfs, you can use code like <tvar name=code>page=4</tvar>.</translate>

<translate> The <tvar name=file>File:</tvar> prefix can be omitted.</translate> <translate> However, it is helpful to include it as an aid for quickly locating image specifiers in the wikitext (for example, when cleaning up page layout).</translate>

<translate> For example: </translate>

File:Example.jpg|Item 1
File:Example.jpg|a link to [[Help:Contents]]
File:Example.jpg|alt=An example image. It has flowers
File:Example.jpg|''italic caption''
File:Example.jpg|Links to external website|link=
File:Example.jpg|link=w:Main_Page|Internal link
Example.jpg|on page "{{PAGENAME}}"
File:Using Firefox.pdf|page=72

<translate> is formatted as: </translate>


<tvar name=1>mode</tvar> parameter

</translate> Modèle:MW 1.22 <translate> Starting in 1.22 a <tvar name=1>mode</tvar> parameter is available, taking options as follows:

  • <tvar name=1>traditional</tvar> is the original gallery type used by MediaWiki.</translate>


  • <tvar name=1>nolines</tvar> is similar to <tvar name=2>traditional</tvar>, but with no border lines.</translate>


  • <tvar name=1>packed</tvar> causes images to have the same height but different widths, with little space between the images.</translate> <translate> The rows in this responsive mode organize themselves according to the width of the screen.</translate>


  • <tvar name=1>packed-overlay</tvar> shows the caption overlaid on the image, in a semi-transparent white box.</translate>


  • <tvar name=1>packed-hover</tvar> is similar to <tvar name=2>packed-overlay</tvar>, but with the caption and box only showing up on hover.</translate>
  • <translate> <tvar name=1>slideshow</tvar> creates a slideshow of the images.</translate>

<translate> For example: </translate>

<gallery mode="packed-hover">
Image:Astronotus_ocellatus.jpg|''[[commons:Astronotus ocellatus|Astronotus ocellatus]]'' (Oscar)
Image:Salmonlarvakils.jpg|''[[commons:Salmo salar|Salmo salar]]'' (Salmon Larva)
Image:Georgia Aquarium - Giant Grouper.jpg|''[[commons:Epinephelus lanceolatus|Epinephelus lanceolatus]]'' (Giant grouper)
Image:Pterois volitans Manado-e.jpg|''[[commons:Pterois volitans|Pterois volitans]]'' (Red Lionfish)
Image:Macropodus opercularis - front (aka).jpg|''[[commons:Macropodus opercularis|Macropodus opercularis]]'' (Paradise fish)
Image:Canthigaster valentini 1.jpg|''[[commons:Canthigaster valentini|Canthigaster valentini]]'' (Valentinni's sharpnose puffer)
Image:Flughahn.jpg|[[Image:POTY ribbon 2007.svg|25px]] ''[[commons:Dactylopterus volitans|Dactylopterus volitans]]'' (Flying gurnard)
Image:Fishmarket 01.jpg|''[[commons:Semicossyphus pulcher|Semicossyphus pulcher]]'' (California Sheephead)
Image:Pseudorasbora parva(edited version).jpg|''[[commons:Category:Pseudorasbora parva|Pseudorasbora parva]]'' (Topmouth gudgeon)
Image:MC Rotfeuerfisch.jpg|''[[commons:Category:Pterois antennata|Pterois antennata]]'' (Antennata Lionfish)
Image:Cleaning station konan.jpg|''[[commons:Novaculichthys taeniourus|Novaculichthys taeniourus]]''
Image:Synchiropus splendidus 2 Luc Viatour.jpg|''[[commons:Synchiropus splendidus|Synchiropus splendidus]]'' (Mandarin fish)
File:Psetta maxima Luc Viatour.jpg|''[[commons:Psetta maxima|Psetta maxima]]'' (Turbot)
File:Australian blenny.jpg|''[[commons:Category:Ecsenius|Ecsenius axelrodi]]''

<translate> Gives (mode: <tvar name=hover>packed-hover</tvar>): </translate>

<translate> Examples of the other modes: </translate>






Modèle:MW 1.28 mode="slideshow"


Optional gallery attributes

The gallery tag itself takes several additional parameters, specified as attribute name-value pairs: </translate>

<gallery {parameters}>


  • caption="{caption}": (caption text between double quotes for more than a word) sets a caption centered atop the gallery. Only plain text may be used in the caption; formatting, templates and the like will not work.</translate>


  • widths={width}px: sets the (max) widths of the images; the [[<tvar name=options>Special:MyLanguage/Manual:$wgGalleryOptions</tvar>|default value]] is 120px.</translate> <translate> Note the plural: widths</translate>.


  • heights={heights}px: sets the (max) heights of the images; the default value is 120px.</translate>


  • perrow={integer}: sets the number of images per row.</translate> <translate> 0 means automatically adjust based on width of screen.</translate>


  • showfilename={anything}: Show the filenames of the images in the individual captions for each image (1.17+).</translate>


  • mode={traditional|nolines|packed|packed-hover|packed-overlay|slideshow}: See section above (1.22+; 1.28+ for "slideshow").</translate>


  • showthumbnails: For "slideshow" mode only, display the strip with image thumbnails below the slideshow by default (1.29+).




Example 1

Syntax: </translate>

<gallery widths=300px heights=200px>
File:Example.jpg|Lorem ipsum
File:Example.jpg|Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consetetur sadipscing elitr, sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt ut

<translate> Result: </translate>


Example 2

Syntax: </translate>

<gallery widths=60px heights=60px perrow=7 caption="sunflowers are groovy">

<translate> Result: </translate>


Row of images that will wrap to browser width

</translate> <translate> One way that works for a row of images with varying widths is not to use "thumb" or "left" or "none".</translate> <translate> If "thumb" is not used (and thus no captions) a row of images will wrap to the browser width.</translate> <translate> If necessary, narrow the browser window to see the images wrap to the next row.</translate>


220px 100px 150px 250px 200px 50px 220px 175px

<translate> To wrap images of varying widths with captions it is necessary to use div HTML for an unordered list. Along with style="display: inline-block;". For more info and ideas see: Give Floats the Flick in CSS Layouts. </translate>

<li style="display: inline-block;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|220px|Caption 1]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|100px|Caption 2]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|150px|Caption 3]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|250px|Caption 4]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|200px|Caption 5]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|50px|Caption 6]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|220px|Caption 7]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|175px|Caption 8]] </li>

<translate> To align the top edge of images add the vertical-align command</translate>

<li style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|220px|Caption 1]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|100px|Caption 2]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|150px|Caption 3]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|250px|Caption 4]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|200px|Caption 5]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|50px|Caption 6]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|220px|Caption 7]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|175px|Caption 8]] </li>

<translate> Some wiki farms do not have all gallery options (such as "widths").</translate> <translate> Also, sometimes one wants varying widths for images in a row.</translate> <translate> Outside of a gallery, or the div HTML, it is impossible to have individual captions for images in a row of images that will wrap to the browser width.</translate> <translate> Try it and see. Nothing else using wikitext works correctly. Images will either overlap stuff on the right, or force a horizontal scroll bar.</translate>

<translate> Using a left float ("left") for some images, combined with "none" for some of the images, will not work consistently either, especially if there is also a right sidebar of images.</translate> <translate> Weird things will occur.</translate> <translate> At narrower browser or screen widths an image out of the row may appear far down the page after the end of the right sidebar of images.</translate>


Link behavior

</translate> <translate> By default an image links to its file description page.</translate> <translate> The "link=" option modifies this behavior to link to another page or website, or to turn off the image's linking behavior.</translate>

<translate> Alternatively, you can create a text link to a file description page or to the file itself.</translate> <translate> See <tvar name=1>Modèle:Ll</tvar>.</translate>


Display image, link it to another page or website


<translate> Use "link=" option to link image to another page or website:

Clicking on the below image will take you to MediaWiki: </translate>



<translate> Clicking on the below image will take you to </translate>




Display image, turn off link

Use "link=" option with no value assigned to turn link off entirely; the below image is not a link: </translate>




Link to an image

Add <tvar name=colon>:</tvar> as a prefix to the link you need to create. </translate>






Directly linking to an image

</translate> <translate> The above examples link to the image's description page.</translate> <translate> To directly link to an image, the pseudo-namespace <tvar name=1>Media:</tvar> can be used on MediaWiki pages:</translate>



Modèle:Anchor <translate>

Direct links from external sites

</translate> <translate> Another possibility is to use the <tvar name=1>Special:Redirect/file</tvar> page (or its alias <tvar name=2>Special:Filepath</tvar>).</translate> <translate> Unlike the above example, you can link to it from external websites as well as from MediaWiki pages.</translate>


<translate> The parameters height and width can also be added to return a specific size of the image.</translate> <translate> The image aspect ratio is always preserved.</translate>

Modèle:Anchor <translate>

Obtaining the full URL of an image

To obtain the full path of an image (without going through redirects as shown above), some <tvar name=1>Modèle:Ll</tvar> can be used. </translate>


<translate> Becomes:</translate>

<translate> In the event that this is used from a template where the File: namespace needs to be removed, <tvar name=1>{{PAGENAME}}</tvar> can do so:</translate>


<translate> Becomes:</translate>



</translate> <translate> Before using images in your page, the system administrator of your wiki must have [[<tvar name=uploads>Special:MyLanguage/Manual:Configuring file uploads</tvar>|enabled file uploads]] and a user has to [[<tvar name=managing>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Managing files</tvar>|upload the file]].</translate> <translate> System administrators may also set the wiki to accept files from [[<tvar name=image>Special:MyLanguage/Manual:Image Administration#Foreign Repositories</tvar>|foreign repositories]], such as the [<tvar name=url></tvar> Wikimedia Commons].</translate> <translate> For server side image resizing it is necessary to have a scaler configured (such as GD2, ImageMagick, etc.).</translate>


Files at other websites

</translate> <translate> You can link to an external file available online using the same syntax used for linking to an external web page.</translate> <translate> With these syntaxes, the image will not be rendered, but only the text of the link to this image will be displayed.</translate>


<translate> Or with a different displayed text: </translate>

[http://url.for/some/image.png <translate nowrap><!--T:195--> link text here</translate>]

<translate> Additional MediaWiki markup or HTML/CSS formatting (for inline elements) is permitted in this displayed text (except for embedded links that would break the surrounding link): </translate>

[ <translate nowrap><!--T:197--> Example '''<del>rich</del>''' ''<ins>link text</ins>'' here.</translate>]

<translate> which renders as:</translate> <translate> Example rich link text here.</translate>

<translate> If it is enabled on your wiki (see <tvar name=AllowExternalImages>Modèle:Ll</tvar>), you can also embed external images. To do that, simply insert the image's URL: </translate>


<translate> Embedded images can be resized by the CSS <tvar name=transform>transform</tvar> property. They also may be formatted by surrounding MediaWiki markup or HTML/CSS code.

If this wiki option is not enabled, the image will not be embedded but rendered as a textual link to the external site, just like above, unless the site's <tvar name=AllowExternalImagesFrom>Modèle:Ll</tvar> has a value.